LESSON FORTY-THREE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 42 | The Vastness of Allah’s Forgiveness

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Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 |  Lesson Forty-Three  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

 …

|  Hadith 42  | The Vastness of Allah’s Forgiveness

 

عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: سَمِعْت رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم يَقُولُ: قَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى: “يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ! إِنَّكَ مَا دَعَوْتنِي وَرَجَوْتنِي غَفَرْتُ لَك عَلَى مَا كَانَ مِنْك وَلَا أُبَالِي، يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ! لَوْ بَلَغَتْ ذُنُوبُك عَنَانَ السَّمَاءِ ثُمَّ اسْتَغْفَرْتنِي غَفَرْتُ لَك، يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ! إنَّك لَوْ أتَيْتنِي بِقُرَابِ الْأَرْضِ خَطَايَا ثُمَّ لَقِيتنِي لَا تُشْرِكُ بِي شَيْئًا لَأَتَيْتُك بِقُرَابِهَا مَغْفِرَةً

رَوَاهُ التِّرْمِذِيُّ [رقم:3540]، وَقَالَ: حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ

Anas Radiallahu Anhu narrates from Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam among the sayings he relates from his Lord (Blessed and Exalted is He) Who said:

‘O Son of Adam, as long as you invoke Me and have hopes in Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O Son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and you then asked forgiveness from Me, I would forgive you. O Son of Adam, were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the Earth, and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great as it [too].’

 [It was related by at-Tirmidhi, who said that it was a Hasan Hadeeth]

 …

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

Imaam Nawawi Rahmatullahi Alayh has ended this magnificent work, with a Hadith illustrating Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala’s Forgiveness. This Hadith draws our attention to the vast Mercy of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. A general declaration for the Believers on behalf of the real King and Master, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, that man is prone to committing sins and errors due to his weaknesses but the effacement of these sins is through making sincere Istighfaar (seeking forgiveness) from Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.

This Hadith clearly illustrates that despite the excessive sins of man, even though they may reach the skies of the world or fill the entire globe, if he turns to Allah and seeks forgiveness and sincere repentance with a penitent heart, through Taubah and Istighfaar, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala is prepared to forgive him, as long as he does not associate any partners with Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.

So, this Hadith gives us great hope in the Mercy of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. We are therefore exhorted to make Dua to Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala that is accompanied by hope. Even if the wrong actions of the servant are enormous, the pardon of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala and His Forgiveness is greater and more enormous than those wrong actions (sins). There is a Dua mentioned in the Hadith, to recite when one is seeking forgiveness from Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala :

اَللَّهُمَّ مَغْفِرَتُكَ أَوْسَعُ مِنْ ذُنُوبِي وَرَحْمَتُكَ اَرْجَي عِنْدِي مِنْ عَمَلِي

O Allah your forgiveness is more vast than my wrong actions and your mercy is more hopeful to me than my own actions (البيهقي في الشعب 7126 ) (Haakim)

Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has commanded making Istighfaar in various Ayaah of the Noble Qur’aan. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala mentions :

وَاسْتَغْفِرُوا اللَّهَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

and ask forgiveness of Allah . Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful ~ Surah Al Baqarah 2:199

LESSON FORTY-TWO | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 41  |The Sign of Faith

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 |  Lesson Forty-Two  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

 …

|  Hadith 41  | The Sign of Faith

 

عَنْ أَبِي مُحَمَّدٍ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ الْعَاصِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم “لَا يُؤْمِنُ أَحَدُكُمْ حَتَّى يَكُونَ هَوَاهُ تَبَعًا لِمَا جِئْتُ بِهِ”

حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ، رَوَيْنَاهُ فِي كِتَابِ “الْحُجَّةِ” بِإِسْنَادٍ صَحِيحٍ

On the authority of Abu Muhammad Abdullah bin ’Amr bin al-’Aas Radiallahu Anhu, who said : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said,  “None of you [truly] believes until his desires are subservient to that which I have brought.”

[Imam an-Nawawi says: We have related it in Kitab al-Hujjah with a Saheeh chain of narrators]

 

 …

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

In this Hadith we understand an important aspect of subjugating oneself to the Deen of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. A person’s Imaan is not complete until he follows those commands and prohibitions, that which Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam brought. Till one’s whims and desires do not become subservient to the Deen, one cannot be a true Mu’min. After attesting the Nubuwwat of Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, it becomes necessary to adopt his way of life in all aspects.

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

قُلْ إِن كُنتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللَّهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي

Say, [O Muhammad], “If you should love Allah, then follow me ~Surah Al Imraan 3:31

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has also mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

وَمَا كَانَ لِمُؤْمِنٍ وَلَا مُؤْمِنَةٍ إِذَا قَضَى اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَمْرًا أَن يَكُونَ لَهُمُ الْخِيَرَةُ مِنْ أَمْرِهِمْ

It is not for a believing man or a believing woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decided a matter, that they should [thereafter] have any choice about their affair. ~ Surah Al Ahzaab 33:36

All acts of disobedience arise from giving preference to what the self loves over what Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala and Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam loves. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala describes the idolaters in following their desires in numerous Ayaah of the Noble Qur’aan.

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

فَإِن لَّمْ يَسْتَجِيبُوا لَكَ فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّمَا يَتَّبِعُونَ أَهْوَاءَهُمْ ۚ وَمَنْ أَضَلُّ مِمَّنِ اتَّبَعَ هَوَاهُ بِغَيْرِ هُدًى مِّنَ اللَّهِ

But if they do not respond to you – then know that they only follow their [own] desires. And who is more astray than one who follows his desire without guidance from Allah? ~ Surah Al Qasas 28:50

Those who’s hearts are filled with the love of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala and the love of Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, the pure and flawless Shariah then becomes second nature to them. They then reach a stage where their Nafs (inner-self) desires only that which Shariah desires from them.

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

وَأَمَّا مَنْ خَافَ مَقَامَ رَبِّهِ وَنَهَى النَّفْسَ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ فَإِنَّ الْجَنَّةَ هِيَ الْمَأْوَىٰ

But as for him who feared standing before his Lord, and forbade the lower self it’s [unlawful] inclination.Then indeed, Paradise will be [his] refuge. ~ Surah An Naaziaat 79:40/41

LESSON THIRTY-NINE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 38  | Attaining Nearness to Allah and His Love

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty-Nine  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

|  Lesson Thirty-Nine |  Hadith 38  |

Attaining Nearness to Allah and His Love

 

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَة رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُول اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم إنَّ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى قَالَ: “مَنْ عَادَى لِي وَلِيًّا فَقْد آذَنْتهُ بِالْحَرْبِ، وَمَا تَقَرَّبَ إلَيَّ عَبْدِي بِشَيْءٍ أَحَبَّ إلَيَّ مِمَّا افْتَرَضْتُهُ عَلَيْهِ، وَلَا يَزَالُ عَبْدِي يَتَقَرَّبُ إلَيَّ بِالنَّوَافِلِ حَتَّى أُحِبَّهُ، فَإِذَا أَحْبَبْتُهُ كُنْت سَمْعَهُ الَّذِي يَسْمَعُ بِهِ، وَبَصَرَهُ الَّذِي يُبْصِرُ بِهِ، وَيَدَهُ الَّتِي يَبْطِشُ بِهَا، وَرِجْلَهُ الَّتِي يَمْشِي بِهَا، وَلَئِنْ سَأَلَنِي لَأُعْطِيَنَّهُ، وَلَئِنْ اسْتَعَاذَنِي لَأُعِيذَنَّهُ

 [رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ]

On the authority of Abu Hurairah Radiallahu Anhu who said : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

“Verily Allah Ta’ala has said: ‘Whosoever shows enmity to a Wali (friend) of Mine, then I have declared war against him. And My servant does not draw near to Me with anything more loved to Me than the religious duties I have obligated upon him. And My servant continues to draw near to me with Nafil (supererogatory) deeds until I Love him. When I Love him, I am his hearing with which he hears, and his sight with which he sees, and his hand with which he strikes, and his foot with which he walks. Were he to ask [something] of Me, I would surely give it to him; and were he to seek refuge with Me, I would surely grant him refuge.’ ”

[Al-Bukhari]

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

 

This a Hadith-e-Qudsi covering many important issues, namely :        

(1) The virtues and the rank of the true friends of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala (Awliyaa) and (2) the reward for performing Faraaidh (compulsory acts of worship) and (3) the reward for performing Nawaafil (obligatory acts of worship)

 

(1) The virtues and the rank of the true friends of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala (Awliyaa)

There is a very serious threat in this Hadith against those people who harbour enmity or malice towards the Awliyaa (friends of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala), because Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala declares war against such people. Humiliation and problems will be a such a person’s lot in this world and a disgraceful and painful punishment awaits him in the Hereafter.     

 

(2) the reward for performing Faraaidh (compulsory acts of worship) and

(3) the reward for performing Nawaafil (obligatory acts of worship)

The Hadith further mentions the importance of attaining closeness to Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, firstly through Faraaidh and then through Nawaafil.

The greatest proximity to Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala is attained through Faraaidh (obligatory acts of Ibaadah that Allah has placed upon us). This nearness is further enhanced through Nawaafil and abstention from prohibitions and Haraam.

When a person becomes closer to Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala through Nawaafil acts of Ibadaah, Allah begins to love a person and says :    

فَإِذَا أَحْبَبْتُهُ كُنْتُ سَمْعَهُ الَّذِي يَسْمَعُ بِهِ، وَبَصَرَهُ الَّذِي يُبْصِرُ بِهِ، وَيَدَهُ الَّتِي يَبْطُشُ بِهَا وَرِجْلَهُ الَّتِي يَمْشِي بِهَا،
I become his hearing with which he hears, and his sight with which he sees, and his hand with which he strikes, and his leg with which he walks…..[Bukhaari]    

The Muhadditheen explain this to mean, his limbs become the instruments of virtue and henceforth this servant will not use them in any act of displeasure of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. He will only look at those things in which Allah’s pleasure lies, he will hear only those things which Allah desires, he will touch only those things sanctioned by Allah, he will walk to those places only where Allah has permitted….

There is no doubt that this is a very high an lofty position that a person attains. Allah Ta’ala becomes the helper of such a person. Allah Ta’ala guides him. Allah Ta’ala uses him to do acts that will gain HIS pleasure. And when he begs from Allah Ta’ala, Allah answers him…and when he seeks protection from Allah Ta’ala, Allah grants him HIS protection.

 

LESSON THIRTY-EIGHT | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 37 | The Grace of Allah and His Mercy

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty-Eight  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

|  Lesson Thirty-Eight  |  Hadith 37  |

The Grace of Allah and His Mercy

عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم فِيمَا يَرْوِيهِ عَنْ رَبِّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى، قَالَ: “إنَّ اللَّهَ كَتَبَ الْحَسَنَاتِ وَالسَّيِّئَاتِ، ثُمَّ بَيَّنَ ذَلِكَ، فَمَنْ هَمَّ بِحَسَنَةٍ فَلَمْ يَعْمَلْهَا كَتَبَهَا اللَّهُ عِنْدَهُ حَسَنَةً كَامِلَةً، وَإِنْ هَمَّ بِهَا فَعَمِلَهَا كَتَبَهَا اللَّهُ عِنْدَهُ عَشْرَ حَسَنَاتٍ إلَى سَبْعِمِائَةِ ضِعْفٍ إلَى أَضْعَافٍ كَثِيرَةٍ، وَإِنْ هَمَّ بِسَيِّئَةٍ فَلَمْ يَعْمَلْهَا كَتَبَهَا اللَّهُ عِنْدَهُ حَسَنَةً كَامِلَةً، وَإِنْ هَمَّ بِهَا فَعَمِلَهَا كَتَبَهَا اللَّهُ سَيِّئَةً وَاحِدَةً”

رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ] ، [وَمُسْلِمٌ]، في “صحيحيهما” بهذه الحروف

On the authority of Ibn Abbas Radiallahu Anhu narrates from Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam among the sayings he relates from his Lord (Blessed and Exalted is He) Who said:

Verily Allah Ta’ala has written down the good deeds and the evil deeds, and then explained it [by saying]: “Whosoever intended to perform a good deed, but did not do it, then Allah writes it down with Himself as a complete good deed. And if he intended to perform it and then did perform it, then Allah writes it down with Himself as from ten good deeds up to seven hundred times, up to many times multiplied. And if he intended to perform an evil deed, but did not do it, then Allah writes it down with Himself as a complete good deed. And if he intended it [i.e., the evil deed] and then performed it, then Allah writes it down as one evil deed.”

[Al-Bukhari] [Muslim]

 

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

In this Hadith Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam conveys to us, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala’s abundant Mercy, Grace and favour upon this Ummah, in that Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala rewards us over any good that we do. Every righteous act is rewarded manifold.

We learn from various Ahadeeth, that, there is a recording of the good and wrong actions that one does …and, these are of four types.

• THE FIRST TYPE : doing good actions, so that the good action is multiplied to ten onto seven hundred and onto manifold (rewards). Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

مَن جَاءَ بِالْحَسَنَةِ فَلَهُ عَشْرُ أَمْثَالِهَا

Whoever comes [on the Day of Judgement] with a good deed will have ten times the like thereof [to his credit], ~ [Surah Al-‘An`aam 6:160]

 

In another Ayaah mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has used a metaphor of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah. Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala says :

مَّثَلُ الَّذِينَ يُنفِقُونَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ كَمَثَلِ حَبَّةٍ أَنبَتَتْ سَبْعَ سَنَابِلَ فِي كُلِّ سُنبُلَةٍ مِّائَةُ حَبَّةٍ ۗ

The example of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is like a seed [of grain] which grows seven ears; in each ear is a hundred grains. And Allah multiplies [His reward] for whom He wills. ~ [Surah Al-Baqarah 2:261]

Therefore, this implies, that when a person spends in the path of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, Allah increases his reward manifold. From one, to seven hundred, to seven thousand, to even more!

Hazrat Abu Mas’ud RadiAllahu Anhu reported: A man came with a bridled camel and he said, “This is for the cause of Allah”. Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

لَكَ بِهَا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ سَبْعُ مِائَةِ نَاقَةٍ كُلُّهَا مَخْطُومَةٌ

You will have for it seven hundred camels on the Day of Resurrection. Each of them will be bridled. [Saheeh Muslim]

Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

وَاللَّهُ يُضَاعِفُ لِمَن يَشَاءُ ۗ

And Allah multiplies [His reward] for whom He wills. ~ [Surah Al-Baqarah 2:261]

 

• THE SECOND TYPE : is wrong actions for which a wrong is recorded like for like without multiplication. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

وَمَن جَاءَ بِالسَّيِّئَةِ فَلَا يُجْزَىٰ إِلَّا مِثْلَهَا وَهُمْ لَا يُظْلَمُونَ

and whoever comes with an evil deed will not be recompensed except the like thereof; and they will not be wronged. ~ [Surah Al-‘An`aam 6:160]

ie: those who produce one deed of disobedience to Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala (one bad deed), will only be repaid the equivalent (one bad deed) and Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will not wrong them.

• THE THIRD TYPE : is to intend a good action, in which a complete reward is recorded even though one did not perform the good action. Whoever intends to do a good action but does not do it, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala knows that his heart was attached to it and was eager to perform it, then it is written as a good action for him and he is rewarded with one full reward.

• THE FOURTH TYPE : is to have an intention to do wrong actions, without acting on the intention. For this, a person gets a reward of a good action! Even though he had a bad intention, but because he did not act upon the intention (solely for the sake of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala) he obtains a reward.

This shows that someone who is able to do that act of disobedience which he intends but gives it up for the sake of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, then he will be rewarded.

LESSON THIRTY-SEVEN | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 36  | The Virtue of Gathering for the Remembrance of Allah

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Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty-Seven  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

Hadith 36 | The Virtue of Gathering for the Remembrance of Allah

 

 

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَالَ:مَنْ نَفَّسَ عَنْ مُؤْمِنٍ كُرْبَةً مِنْ كُرَبِ الدُّنْيَا نَفَّسَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ كُرْبَةً مِنْ كُرَبِ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ، وَمَنْ يَسَّرَ عَلَى مُعْسِرٍ، يَسَّرَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ، وَمَنْ سَتَرَ مُسْلِما سَتَرَهُ اللهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ ، وَاَللَّهُ فِي عَوْنِ الْعَبْدِ مَا كَانَ الْعَبْدُ فِي عَوْنِ أَخِيهِ، وَمَنْ سَلَكَ طَرِيقًا يَلْتَمِسُ فِيهِ عِلْمًا سَهَّلَ اللَّهُ لَهُ بِهِ طَرِيقًا إلَى الْجَنَّةِ، وَمَا اجْتَمَعَ قَوْمٌ فِي بَيْتٍ مِنْ بُيُوتِ اللَّهِ يَتْلُونَ كِتَابَ اللَّهِ، وَيَتَدَارَسُونَهُ ؛ إلَّا نَزَلَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ السَّكِينَةُ، وَغَشِيَتْهُمْ الرَّحْمَةُ، وَ حَفَّتهُمُ المَلاَئِكَة، وَذَكَرَهُمْ اللَّهُ فِيمَنْ عِنْدَهُ، وَمَنْ بَطْأَ بِهِ عَمَلُهُ لَمْ يُسْرِعْ بِهِ نَسَبُهُ
[رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

On the authority of Abu Hurairah Radiallahu Anhu who said : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

Whoever removes a worldly grief from a believer, Allah will remove from him one of the grief’s of the Day of Resurrection. And whoever alleviates the need of a needy person, Allah will alleviate his needs in this world and the Hereafter. Whoever conceals the misdeeds of a Muslim, Allah will shield him in this world and the Hereafter. And Allah will aid His slave so long as he aids his brother. And whoever follows a path to seek knowledge therein, Allah will make easy for him a path to Paradise. No people gather together in one of the Houses of Allah, reciting the Book of Allah and studying it among themselves, except that Sakeenah (tranquillity) descends upon them, and mercy envelops them, and the angels surround them, and Allah mentions them amongst those who are with Him. And whoever is slowed down by his actions, will not be hastened forward by his lineage. [Muslim]

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

1]  In this Hadith, seven important things have been mentioned… four of which pertain to the rights of a Believer. We have been foremost exhorted in this Hadith to relieve a Muslim brother from any distress (pain, suffering, anxiety) that he may be experiencing and lighten his difficulties.

The meaning of نَفَّسَ “Naffasah” (mentioned in this Hadith) is likened to a person who removes a strangling cord around the neck of another person, allowing him to breathe. Similarly, a Muslim should endeavour to remove the distress and anxiety of his Muslim brother. For delivering him from his pain and suffering and bringing on ease, there is great reward.

 

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned in a Hadeeth :

أَيُّمَا مُؤْمِنٍ أَطْعَمَ مُؤْمِنًا عَلَى جُوعٍ أَطْعَمَهُ اللَّهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ مِنْ ثِمَارِ الْجَنَّةِ وَأَيُّمَا مُؤْمِنٍ سَقَى مُؤْمِنًا عَلَى ظَمَإٍ سَقَاهُ اللَّهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ مِنَ الرَّحِيقِ الْمَخْتُومِ وَأَيُّمَا مُؤْمِنٍ كَسَا مُؤْمِنًا عَلَى عُرْىٍ كَسَاهُ اللَّهُ مِنْ خُضْرِ الْجَنَّةِ

Whichever believer feeds a hungry believer , Allah feeds him from the fruits of Paradise on the Day of Resurrection. Whichever believer gives drink to a thirsty believer, Allah gives him to drink from the ‘sealed nectar’ on the Day of Resurrection. Whichever believer clothes a naked believer, Allah clothes him from the green garments of Paradise. [Tirmidhi]

 

2] We have also been encouraged in this Hadith to make things easier for someone who is hard-pressed in this world, with regards to his property, finances, social issues or by granting him respite in repaying his debt until it become easier for him to fulfil his due…Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned in a Hadeeth :

مَنْ نَفَّسَ عَنْ غَرِيمِهِ أَوْ مَحَا عَنْهُ كَانَ فِي ظِلِّ الْعَرْشِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ

Whoever grants respite to someone in difficulty or relieves him of his debt Allah will shade him on the Day of Qiyamah [Muslim]

3] We have also been exhorted in this Hadeeth, to conceal the wrong of our Muslim brother and Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will conceal our faults in the Hereafter, but one who exposes the vulnerability of his Muslim brother then Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala  will expose his faults to the extent that Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will disgrace him in his own house. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said :

وَاَللَّهُ فِي عَوْنِ الْعَبْدِ مَا كَانَ الْعَبْدُ فِي عَوْنِ أَخِيهِ، And Allah will aid His slave so long as he aids his brother.**

**This has been explained previously in detail in Hadeeth 36

4] Thereafter, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam explained “Ilm-e-Deen” ie; travelling on a path and seeking knowledge of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. Through knowledge one is able to understand the laws of Shariah and what Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala wants from us Believers. Whoever travels on a path seeking knowledge, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will make the path towards Paradise easy… hence, it will be easy for him to practice upon this knowledge. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned in a Hadeeth :

إِنَّ مَثَلَ الْعُلَمَاءِ فِي الأَرْضِ كَمَثَلِ نُجُومِ السَّمَاءِ ، يُهْتَدَى بِهَا فِي ظُلُمَاتِ الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ ، فَإِذَا انْطَمَسَتِ النُّجُومُ يُوشِكُ أَنْ تَضِلَّ الْهُدَاةُ

The simile of the scholars of knowledge on the earth is the stars in the sky by which one is guided in the darkness of the land and the sea…. When the stars are clouded over, the guides are about to be lost. [Musnad Ahmad]

As long as knowledge remains on the earth, people will be guided. The remaining of knowledge depends on the existence of the Ulama [scholars]. When they disappear from this world, then people will fall into error.

5/6] Thereafter, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam explained the importance of reciting the Noble Qur’aan and teaching it and making Zikr in the house of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.

Four favours have been bestowed upon such people who gather in the house of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, reading the Qu’aan and teaching it to one another : 1] peace and tranquillity descends upon them; 2] mercy envelopes them; 3] the Angels cover such a gathering; 4] and Allah Ta’ala remembers them in the gathering of the Angels.

7] And finally, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam explained the importance of one who performs righteous actions. One who lacks in performing good deeds cannot just have hopes on his lineage… perhaps he may be in the family of a Nabi or Wali or Aalim but that will not assist him on the day of Qiyamah. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam mentioned to his own relatives : “I cannot avail you in any way with Allah”.

Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

فَإِذَا نُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ فَلَا أَنسَابَ بَيْنَهُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ وَلَا يَتَسَاءَلُونَ

Then, when the Trumpet is blown, there will be no kinship [family ties] among them that Day, nor will they ask of one another. [Surah Al-Mu’minoon 23:101]

|  SUMMARY  |

Seven important things were discussed in this Hadeeth. Those four things relating to the rights of a Muslim brother and how we should conduct ourselves in assisting him. Fifthly, the importance reciting the Noble Qur’aan, teaching it and making Zikr in the house of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. Sixth is the importance of seeking knowledge and lastly, the fact that we should perform righteous deeds and not just depend on lineages.