LESSON FIVE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

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•   LESSON FIVE   •    DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 4 | Deeds are by their Final Actions   |   DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

|   LESSON FIVE   |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam


|  HADITH 4  |

 DEEDS ARE BY THEIR FINAL ACTIONS


عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: حَدَّثَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم -وَهُوَ الصَّادِقُ الْمَصْدُوقُ-: “إنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ يُجْمَعُ خَلْقُهُ فِي بَطْنِ أُمِّهِ أَرْبَعِينَ يَوْمًا نُطْفَةً، ثُمَّ يَكُونُ عَلَقَةً مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ، ثُمَّ يَكُونُ مُضْغَةً مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ، ثُمَّ يُرْسَلُ إلَيْهِ الْمَلَكُ فَيَنْفُخُ فِيهِ الرُّوحَ، وَيُؤْمَرُ بِأَرْبَعِ كَلِمَاتٍ: بِكَتْبِ رِزْقِهِ، وَأَجَلِهِ، وَعَمَلِهِ، وَشَقِيٌّ أَمْ سَعِيدٌّ ؛ فَوَاَللَّهِ الَّذِي لَا إلَهَ غَيْرُهُ إنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ لَيَعْمَلُ بِعَمَلِ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ حَتَّى مَا يَكُونُ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَهَا إلَّا ذِرَاعٌ فَيَسْبِقُ عَلَيْهِ الْكِتَابُ فَيَعْمَلُ بِعَمَلِ أَهْلِ النَّارِ فَيَدْخُلُهَا. وَإِنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ لَيَعْمَلُ بِعَمَلِ أَهْلِ النَّارِ حَتَّى مَا يَكُونُ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَهَا إلَّا ذِرَاعٌ فَيَسْبِقُ عَلَيْهِ الْكِتَابُ فَيَعْمَلُ بِعَمَلِ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ فَيَدْخُلُهَا

[رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ] ، [رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

 Hazrat Abdullah ibn Masood Radiallahu Anhu narrates : that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, the truthful, the believed, said :

“The creation of any one of you is gathered in the womb of his mother for forty days as a drop (نُطْفَةً nutfah), then later a blood clot (عَلَقَةً alaqah) for the like of that (for 40 days), then later a morsel of flesh (مُضْغَةً mudghah) for the like of that (40 days). Then the angel is sent to him and breathes the Ruh (spirit) into him, and he is commanded with four words : with writing his provision ; his life-span ; his action ; and whether he is fortunate or unfortunate. By Allah the One other than Whom there is no god, one of you will do the actions of people of Jannah until there is only a ‘cubit’ between him and it, then the decree will overtake him, he will do the actions of the people of the fire and thus enter it. Verily, one of you will do the actions of the people of the Fire until there only remains a cubit between him and it, then the decree will overtake him, he will do the actions of the people of Jannah and so enter it”.

[Saheeh Buhkaari] [Saheeh Muslim]

 

 

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |


  • This Hadith discusses the three stages of human foetal development, ie : ‘from a drop of sperm till the Ruh (life) is blown into the foetus’.

 

  • The first stage of development, is when the drop is deposited into the ovum, and remains as a liquid (نُطْفَةً nutfah) for 40 days. During the next stage, a further 40 days, it then transforms into a clot of congealed blood (عَلَقَةً alaqah). And finally, in the next period of 40 days it becomes an embryonic lump (مُضْغَةً mudghah). At this ending stage, life is then put into the foetus.

 

  • This Hadith then discusses the decree of each child with regard to it’s :

(1) Sustenance (Rizq) ; (2) Action (‘Amal) ; (3) Life-span (Ajal) ; (4) Success or failure (Shaqiyyun or Saeed) in the Hereafter

 

|  SOME IMPORTANT LESSONS DERIVED FROM THIS HADITH  |

(1) Meditation upon one’s origin.

(2) No person can claim with certainty that he/she is a Jannati (destined for paradise), nor be over-confident and boast over his/her righteous deeds and actions, because their ‘end condition’ is not known, ie : whether the person will die on Imaan or not.

(3) Actions are dependant upon the end conditions, which is termed as ‘Al Khaatamah’ (a good ending).

(4) A Muslim should not relax, but strive in doing good deeds till the very last moments of his/her life.

Daughters are a Blessing

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Daughters are a Blessing

EXTRACTED from a Majlis of Moulana Naeem Motala

29/06/2016 (After Taraweeh /Ramadan 1437) Musjid e Noor

وَإِذَا بُشِّرَ أَحَدُهُم بِمَا ضَرَبَ لِلرَّحْمَٰنِ مَثَلًا ظَلَّ وَجْهُهُ مُسْوَدًّا وَهُوَ كَظِيمٌ
And when one of them is given good tidings of that which he attributes to the Most Merciful in comparison (ie: he is given the news of the birth of a daughter), his face becomes dark, and he suppresses grief. ~ Surah Az-Zukhruf 43:17

In Islam, daughters are undoubtedly a great blessing from Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala and a means of entry into Jannah for parents who raise them with the correct Tarbiyah (upbringing in the obedience of Allah Ta’ala).

In the verse mentioned, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, refers to the period of Jahiliyyah (pre-Islamic era), when a father would deem it below his dignity if his wife bore a female child. The birth of a daughter had been a source of anger and an embarrassment to fathers, to the extent that they would  bury their innocent daughters alive.

Allah Taala mentions:

لِّلَّهِ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ يَخْلُقُ مَا يَشَاءُ ۚ يَهَبُ لِمَن يَشَاءُ إِنَاثًا وَيَهَبُ لِمَن يَشَاءُ الذُّكُورَ
To Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth; He creates what he wills. He bestows to whom He wills female (children), and He bestows to whom He wills males.

أَوْ يُزَوِّجُهُمْ ذُكْرَانًا وَإِنَاثًا ۖ وَيَجْعَلُ مَن يَشَاءُ عَقِيمًا ۚ إِنَّهُ عَلِيمٌ قَدِيرٌ
Or He makes them [both] males and females, and He renders whom He wills barren. Indeed, He is full of Knowledge and Power.  Surah Ash-Shooraa 42: 49/50

Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, the Creator and Owner of every single creation, through His Hikmah (wisdom) and Qudrat (power), bestows offspring to whomsoever He Desires. Some are blessed with daughters, others with sons, yet some are granted none (childless). (Those that are not favoured with the boon of being granted offspring should be content with the Divine decree of Allah Ta’ala.)

Scholars have highlighted the fact that in the above verses, mention was made of ‘daughters‘ first, thus showing to us the significance of having daughters.

The Ahadeeth of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam are replete with great blessings mentioned for the one who is granted a daughter. Hence, in Islam daughters are regarded a great N’imat (bounty) and NOT considered a misfortune.

Hazrat Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri Radiallahu Anhu has narrated that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said :

لاَ يَكُونُ لأَحَدِكُمْ ثَلاَثُ بَنَاتٍ أَوْ ثَلاَثُ أَخَوَاتٍ فَيُحْسِنُ إِلَيْهِنَّ إِلاَّ دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ
“If anyone cares for (his) three daughters, inculcates in them good manners, gets them married, and is kind to them, then for him is Paradise.” [Tirmidhi]

Daughters are a blessing and not a misfortune! Take delight on the birth of a daughter!

‘Total Submission’ to the Will of Allah

The first ten days of Zul Hijjah are among the most auspicious days in the Islamic calendar. Good deeds (Amal-e-Sawleh) that are performed during these ten days are more beloved to Allah than any other time of the year.

The story of Ibraheem AS is greatly associated with Hajj because the origin of Hajj is old as the Kaa’ba (which was built by Ibraheem AS and his son Isma’eel AS). Every act of Hajj reminds us of the noble family of Ibraheem AS and refers back to the righteous actions and struggle of either Ibraheem AS, his wife Hajrah AS or his son Isma’eel AS.

 

The sacrifices they made portrayed great spiritual lessons of ‘complete devotion‘ and ‘total submission‘ to Allah Subhanahu~Wa~Ta’ala …

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•  The Messenger of Allah, Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than these ten days.”(Bukhari)

• The Messenger of Allah, Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, has said, “One fast during these days is equal to the fasting of one complete year, and the worship of one night during this period is equal to the worship of “Lailatul-Qadr”. (Tirmizi)

• It is also narrated from Ibn Abbaas RA that Rasulullah Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: ” No days are as weighty with Allah and so liked by Him for good deeds than the first ten days of Zul-Hijjah “. Therefore in these days increasingly recite: “La ilaha illallah, Allahu Akbar, Al-Hamdu-lillah, Sub-hanallah.” (Tabraani)

• It is reported from Ibn Abbaas RA that Rasulullah Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: ” There is no day wherein any good action is more beloved to Allah Ta’ala than these ten days (the first ten days of Zul Hijjah)”. The Sahaabah RA enquired: ” Not even Jihaad in the path of Allah ? “(i.e. are actions performed in these days more beloved than even the act of Jihaad)”. ” Not even Jihaad in the path of Allah,” replied Rasulullah Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, ”’with the exception of that person who left with his life and wealth (in the path of Allah) and did not return with any of it (i.e. he is martyred)”. (Bukhari, Tabraani)

  Taken from a Majlis of Moulana Naeem Motala …

Zikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 25~08~16

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Zikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 25~08~16

• Recitation of 40 Durood and Salaam Upon Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلم

• Short Advices

 • Zikrullah •  Dua

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5 Questions Man will be Asked on The Day of Qiyamah

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5 Questions Man will be Asked on The Day of Qiyamah

 : عَنِ ابْنِ مَسْعُودٍ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ 

“‏ لاَ تَزُولُ قَدَمَا ابْنِ آدَمَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ مِنْ عِنْدِ رَبِّهِ حَتَّى يُسْأَلَ عَنْ خَمْسٍ عَنْ عُمْرِهِ فِيمَا أَفْنَاهُ

وَعَنْ شَبَابِهِ فِيمَا أَبْلاَهُ وَمَالِهِ مِنْ أَيْنَ اكْتَسَبَهُ وَفِيمَ أَنْفَقَهُ وَمَاذَا عَمِلَ فِيمَا عَلِمَ ‏”

Hazrat Ibn Mas’ud Radhiallahu Anhu narrated that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said:

“The feet of the son of Adam shall not move from before his Lord on the Day of Judgement, until he is asked about five things : about his life and what he did with it, about his youth and what he wore it out in, about his wealth and how he earned it and spent it upon, and what he did with what he knew (his knowledge).”

~ Tirmidhi

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