Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character
| Lesson Thirty-Eight |
اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ
Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger
اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ
Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam
| Lesson Thirty-Eight | Hadith 37 |
The Grace of Allah and His Mercy
عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم فِيمَا يَرْوِيهِ عَنْ رَبِّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى، قَالَ: “إنَّ اللَّهَ كَتَبَ الْحَسَنَاتِ وَالسَّيِّئَاتِ، ثُمَّ بَيَّنَ ذَلِكَ، فَمَنْ هَمَّ بِحَسَنَةٍ فَلَمْ يَعْمَلْهَا كَتَبَهَا اللَّهُ عِنْدَهُ حَسَنَةً كَامِلَةً، وَإِنْ هَمَّ بِهَا فَعَمِلَهَا كَتَبَهَا اللَّهُ عِنْدَهُ عَشْرَ حَسَنَاتٍ إلَى سَبْعِمِائَةِ ضِعْفٍ إلَى أَضْعَافٍ كَثِيرَةٍ، وَإِنْ هَمَّ بِسَيِّئَةٍ فَلَمْ يَعْمَلْهَا كَتَبَهَا اللَّهُ عِنْدَهُ حَسَنَةً كَامِلَةً، وَإِنْ هَمَّ بِهَا فَعَمِلَهَا كَتَبَهَا اللَّهُ سَيِّئَةً وَاحِدَةً”
رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ] ، [وَمُسْلِمٌ]، في “صحيحيهما” بهذه الحروف
On the authority of Ibn Abbas Radiallahu Anhu narrates from Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam among the sayings he relates from his Lord (Blessed and Exalted is He) Who said:
Verily Allah Ta’ala has written down the good deeds and the evil deeds, and then explained it [by saying]: “Whosoever intended to perform a good deed, but did not do it, then Allah writes it down with Himself as a complete good deed. And if he intended to perform it and then did perform it, then Allah writes it down with Himself as from ten good deeds up to seven hundred times, up to many times multiplied. And if he intended to perform an evil deed, but did not do it, then Allah writes it down with Himself as a complete good deed. And if he intended it [i.e., the evil deed] and then performed it, then Allah writes it down as one evil deed.”
| BRIEF EXPLANTION |
In this Hadith Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam conveys to us, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala’s abundant Mercy, Grace and favour upon this Ummah, in that Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala rewards us over any good that we do. Every righteous act is rewarded manifold.
We learn from various Ahadeeth, that, there is a recording of the good and wrong actions that one does …and, these are of four types.
• THE FIRST TYPE : doing good actions, so that the good action is multiplied to ten onto seven hundred and onto manifold (rewards). Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :
مَن جَاءَ بِالْحَسَنَةِ فَلَهُ عَشْرُ أَمْثَالِهَا
Whoever comes [on the Day of Judgement] with a good deed will have ten times the like thereof [to his credit], ~ [Surah Al-‘An`aam 6:160]
In another Ayaah mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has used a metaphor of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah. Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala says :
مَّثَلُ الَّذِينَ يُنفِقُونَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ كَمَثَلِ حَبَّةٍ أَنبَتَتْ سَبْعَ سَنَابِلَ فِي كُلِّ سُنبُلَةٍ مِّائَةُ حَبَّةٍ ۗ
The example of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is like a seed [of grain] which grows seven ears; in each ear is a hundred grains. And Allah multiplies [His reward] for whom He wills. ~ [Surah Al-Baqarah 2:261]
Therefore, this implies, that when a person spends in the path of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, Allah increases his reward manifold. From one, to seven hundred, to seven thousand, to even more!
Hazrat Abu Mas’ud RadiAllahu Anhu reported: A man came with a bridled camel and he said, “This is for the cause of Allah”. Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :
لَكَ بِهَا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ سَبْعُ مِائَةِ نَاقَةٍ كُلُّهَا مَخْطُومَةٌ
You will have for it seven hundred camels on the Day of Resurrection. Each of them will be bridled. [Saheeh Muslim]
Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :
وَاللَّهُ يُضَاعِفُ لِمَن يَشَاءُ ۗ
And Allah multiplies [His reward] for whom He wills. ~ [Surah Al-Baqarah 2:261]
• THE SECOND TYPE : is wrong actions for which a wrong is recorded like for like without multiplication. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :
وَمَن جَاءَ بِالسَّيِّئَةِ فَلَا يُجْزَىٰ إِلَّا مِثْلَهَا وَهُمْ لَا يُظْلَمُونَ
and whoever comes with an evil deed will not be recompensed except the like thereof; and they will not be wronged. ~ [Surah Al-‘An`aam 6:160]
ie: those who produce one deed of disobedience to Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala (one bad deed), will only be repaid the equivalent (one bad deed) and Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will not wrong them.
• THE THIRD TYPE : is to intend a good action, in which a complete reward is recorded even though one did not perform the good action. Whoever intends to do a good action but does not do it, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala knows that his heart was attached to it and was eager to perform it, then it is written as a good action for him and he is rewarded with one full reward.
• THE FOURTH TYPE : is to have an intention to do wrong actions, without acting on the intention. For this, a person gets a reward of a good action! Even though he had a bad intention, but because he did not act upon the intention (solely for the sake of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala) he obtains a reward.
This shows that someone who is able to do that act of disobedience which he intends but gives it up for the sake of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, then he will be rewarded.