LESSON FIFTEEN | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

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 • LESSON FIFTEEN •

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 14 |  Honouring a Muslim | 

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Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

|   LESSON FIFTEEN   |


اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam


|  HADITH 14  |

Honouring a Muslim

: عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم

لَا يَحِلُّ دَمُ امْرِئٍ مُسْلِمٍ [يشهد أن لا إله إلا الله، وأني رسول الله] إلَّا بِإِحْدَى ثَلَاثٍ: الثَّيِّبُ الزَّانِي، وَالنَّفْسُ بِالنَّفْسِ، وَالتَّارِكُ لِدِينِهِ الْمُفَارِقُ لِلْجَمَاعَةِ

[رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ] ، [وَمُسْلِمٌ]

Hazrat Abdullah ibn Mas’ood Radiallahu Anhu narrates that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

“It is not permissible [legal] to spill the blood of a Muslim [who bears testimony to the fact that there is no god but Allah, and I am the Messenger of Allah] except in three [instances] : the married person who commits adultery ; a life for a life [ie: for murder] ; and one who forsakes his religion and separates from the community.”

[Saheeh Buhkaari] [Saheeh Muslim]

. . . 

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

 

Human life is most valuable. Islam stresses on the value and importance of human life, especially that of a Muslim. A Muslim’s life must not be threatened unless it is under lawful circumstances, ie: when a serious violation of the Shari’ah has occurred.

  • In a Hadith, Hazrat Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri Radiallahu Anhu and Hazrat Abu Hurairah Radiallahu Anhu narrated that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

لَوْ أَنَّ أَهْلَ السَّمَاءِ وَأَهْلَ الأَرْضِ اشْتَرَكُوا فِي دَمِ مُؤْمِنٍ لأَكَبَّهُمُ اللَّهُ فِي النَّارِ

 “If all the inhabitants of the heavens and the inhabitants of the the earth participate in shedding the blood of believer [murdering a Muslim], Allah will cast them all [face-down] into Jahannum.[Tirmidhi]

 

  • In another Hadith, Hazrat Abdullah bin ‘Amr Radiallahu Anhu narrated that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

لَزَوَالُ الدُّنْيَا أَهْوَنُ عَلَى اللَّهِ مِنْ قَتْلِ رَجُلٍ مُسْلِمٍ

 “The destruction of the entire Universe is lighter and insignificant on Allah, in comparison to the destruction of a single Muslim.[Tirmidhi]

Before the arrival of Islam, human life had no value. A person was easily killed for various reasons eg: revenge; tribal warfare; newborn females were killed and even buried alive [because she was considered to be a shame upon her father].

Islam is a peaceful religion that has established rules, to safeguard and respect the life of every person, to live peacefully together without any lives being threatened. Measures have been set up in Islam to minimize occurrences wherein a person’s life is wrongfully taken away, except in exceptional cases [where the taking of a human life is allowed].

It is not legal [permissible] to kill a Muslim except in one of these three [exceptional] instances, to show that the blood of a Muslim is valued and treasured by Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. This Hadith was also mentioned by Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam in the farewell Hajj, to re-emphasize that a Muslims blood is most sacred in the eyes of Allah.

Islam wishes to avoid any kind of violence, blood-shed, injustice. The punishments that Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has set-out [through various laws in Islam] are measures to protect society and community. These are precautionary measures to ensure that evil acts are minimized.

Islam promotes good values and encourages chastity via legal relationships [marriage] between men and women, and discourages Zinna [adultery] or any acts that lead to violence and evil. Therefore, one of the exceptional cases mentioned in this Hadith of Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, [where a life can be taken], is when a person commits Zinna [adultery], with the punishment being that the person is stoned to death.

The second instance being, when a person unjustly kills someone else, then the family [of the person killed] has the right to take revenge upon the person who committed the murder.

The third instance being, when a person becomes an apostate [renounces the religion of Islam].

A persons life can be taken in these three instances. However, for someone’s blood and life to be taken, is an important issue and not something one can take upon one’s own hands, nor something that is decided by mere opinion. These are established through textual sources through Qur’aan and Hadeeth and given as a ruling by a Muslim judge, in an Islamic country.

LESSON FOURTEEN | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

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 • LESSON FOURTEEN •

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 13 |Love for your brother that which you love for yourself

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

|   LESSON FOURTEEN   |


اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam


|  HADITH 13  |

Love for your brother that which you love for yourself

 

عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ خَادِمِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه و سلم

قَالَ: “لَا يُؤْمِنُ أَحَدُكُمْ حَتَّى يُحِبَّ لِأَخِيهِ مَا يُحِبُّ لِنَفْسِهِ”

[رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ] ، [وَمُسْلِمٌ]

Hazrat Abi Hamzah Anas bin Maalik Radiallahu Anhu, the attendant [khaadim] of Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam narrates that Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

“None of you [truly] believes until he loves for his brother that which he loves for himself.”

[Saheeh Buhkaari] [Saheeh Muslim]

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

 

In this Hadith we have been taught that loving good for our Muslim brothers and sisters is an essential part of our Imaan.

A persons Imaan is deficient if he does not have the quality of compassion and love for his Muslim brother, ie: he does not love for his Muslim brother what he loves for himself.

A Muslim community is built upon love and compassion for its members. Each and every person should care for and help one another and treat others in the same way that they would want to be treated.

For this to be possible, one has to have a clean and sound heart. A heart that is filled with humility, mercy, empathy and compassion, and not one that is filled with jealousy, selfishness and envy.

One should treat others how one desires to be treated, kindly from others. One should look for excuses to forgive his Muslim brother. He should not belittle his Muslim brother. If he makes a mistake, then he should overlook that mistake. Treat him in the best of manners, with kind words, compassion and love. Just as he loves good for himself, he loves good for his Muslim brother. In a similar vein, whatever he dislikes for himself he should dislike for his Muslim brother. Hence, he should enjoin good and forbid evil. If he see’s some defect in his Muslim brother, he should exert himself in a very diplomatic way, to put that right.

Hence, one has to have a vey sincere heart, that is free from malice and envy. An envious person would not like his Muslim brother to excel him in good fortune.

The Salaf-e-Sauliheen and Sahaabah Radiallahu Anhum would give preference over themselves to their Muslim brothers.

Hazrat Abdullah ibn Amr bin al-As Radiallahu Anhuma reported that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

مَنْ أَحَبَّ أَنْ يُزَحْزَحَ عَنْ النَّارِ وَيَدْخُلَ الْجَنَّةَ فَلْتُدْرِكْهُ مَنِيَّتُهُ وَهُوَ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ وَيَأْتِي إِلَى النَّاسِ مَا يُحِبُّ أَنْ يُؤْتَى إِلَيْهِ

 “Whoever loves that he should be removed from the fire of Jahannum and should enter Paradise, then let his death overtake him, while he has Imaan in Allah and the Last Day, and whilst he does to people that which he likes to be done to himself.” [Saheeh Muslim]