• LESSON TWELVE •
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Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character
| LESSON TWELVE |
اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ
Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger
اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ
Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam
| HADITH 11 |
Being Cautious of the Doubtful
عَنْ أَبِي مُحَمَّدٍ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ سِبْطِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم وَرَيْحَانَتِهِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا،
قَالَ: حَفِظْت مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم “دَعْ مَا يُرِيبُك إلَى مَا لَا يُرِيبُك
[وَالنَّسَائِيّ] ،[رقم:2520 رَوَاهُ التِّرْمِذِيُّ]
وَقَالَ التِّرْمِذِيُّ: حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ
Hazrat Abu Muhammad Al-Hassan ibn Ali ibn Abi Taalib, the grandson of Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, and the one who is dearest to him, Radiallahu Anhuma said : I committed to memory from Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam (the following words):
“Leave that which makes you doubt, for that which does not make you doubt.”
[Al-Tirmidhi and al-Nasaíi related it, and al-Tirmidhi said: It is a good and sound Hadith]
. . .
| BRIEF EXPLANTION |
This Hadith highlights the importance of refraining from anything that is ambiguous and doubtful. Doubtful things cause unrest and agitation in the heart. A person then becomes hesitant and restless. He is unsure whether he could engage in that particular action or consume that particular food or not, hence, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, very simply has mentioned to us a principle that we should leave out anything that is doubtful for that which is not doubtful. We have been exhorted to become scrupulous. There have been many incidents of the Salaf-e-Sauliheen where because of some doubt that occurred, they would leave out thousands of Dinars that they would have received as inheritance.
So, we have been shown a method that will leave us with peace and tranquillity in our hearts by adopting this clear principle.
When a person is scrupulous then :
- it will lead him to enjoy a tranquil heart and a peaceful mind ;
- it will distance him from anything that is reprehensible or Haraam ;
- he will become more cautious in following Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala’s command ;
- it will assist him in his dua’s being answered because Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala answers a person’s dua when his income is Halaal and he consumes Halaal ;
- and, it will save a person from the punishment of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.
There is an incident behind this Hadith, wherein Sayiddina Hassan, the son of Hazrat Ali Radiallahu Anhuma, was asked : “What do you remember from Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam ?” He said : “ I remember that I had taken a date from the dates of Sadaqah and I put it in my mouth. Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam quickly removed it from my mouth and cast it aside.” A person then asked : “What was the problem in you eating the date?”. Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam explained to me that …“We [Ahle Bayt] do not eat Sadaqah”. Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam further explained : “دَعْ مَا يُرِيبُك إلَى مَا لَا يُرِيبُك …“Leave that which makes you doubt, for that which does not make you doubt.”